Chapter 3

The Signal

     The number 33, as in the 33rd degree in Freemasonry, isn’t some random number that Isaac Newton picked out of the blue. It clearly held some special significance to him. What was it? Unlike the number 3, which is prominent in Scripture, the number 33 doesn’t appear anywhere in the Bible, not even a single time. From a biblical perspective it has no known significance. The closest we can get is Bible trivia, where Jesus is said to have been 33 years old at his death, and that during his ministry the Bible records him performing 33 miracles. This isn’t enough to even hang your hat on. If the number 33 has some hidden meaning, it must be      something else, something exceptionally important.


    My hypothesis is that the number 33, rather than a total, is two 3’s, side by side - a dimensional description of the Last Supper that has it consisting of three symbols across and three levels of symbolism deep, with the second level revealing a map that leads to the code.

     The first objection that critics would have with this novel explanation is that the Last Supper only has two symbols, bread and wine. Where, they would ask, is the third symbol?


     The lost symbol is the person who created the Last Supper, Jesus Christ. Allow me to explain:

     The word “Christ” in Greek, the language of the New Testament, is “Christos.” In Hebrew it is “Mashiyach,” or Messiah. In both languages the word means “The Anointed One,” a reference to someone who has been completely slathered with olive oil.

     Olive oil? The Bible, in Matthew 26, verse 7, records that Jesus, just before the Last Supper, was anointed with scented olive oil:

     “Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, there came unto him a woman having an alabaster box of very precious ointment, and poured it on his head…

     Jesus’ disciples were shocked and outraged. They thought that using such expensive oil in this way was a waste. It could, they protested, have been sold, and the money used to help the poor. Jesus, in a firm but gentle rebuke, told them:

     “For in that she hath poured this ointment on my body, she did it for my burial.” - verse 12.

     At that moment, Jesus Christ, saturated with expensive olive oil from the top of his head down to his feet, became the Anointed One. The next day, Jesus and his disciples made their way to Jerusalem and began preparations for the Last Supper.

     The focus of the first level of the Last Supper is on the sacrifice of Jesus’ body, symbolized by bread, and the shedding of his blood, symbolized by wine. His Spirit, however, though it too was sacrificed, survived the Crucifixion, making possible the physical resurrection of Jesus from the dead. Christians do not believe that the Spirit of Christ died on the Cross. For that reason, olive oil, a biblical symbol of the Spirit, was not on the table, it was at the table, embodied in the person of Jesus Christ.

     At the second level of the Last Supper, the theme is not Christ’s Crucifixion, it’s about the code. Replacing the word “Christ” with “oil” creates the triadic sequence: bread, wine, and oil. My prediction is that these three innocuous words, in this sequence, is the map that leads to the Sagan Signal.

     Advancing a theory that can be falsified is a critical part of the scientific method. Skeptics are sure to ask a simple question: What will it take to debunk my claim? The answer is easy: My bold prediction is that the bread, wine, and oil sequence is a map to the code. All we have to do is read the Bible, using the bread, wine, and oil sequence as a template, and find the code. If it is found, tested, and confirmed by code experts, my hypothesis can be considered true. Conversely, if the code is not found, or if a putative code is found but fails independent verification testing, my theory will properly be dismissed as bogus. It may be cold and impersonal, but this is how science works.

To the Bible

     Turning to Scripture, we find that there are no bread, wine, and oil sequences in the New Testament, and only a couple In the Old Testament, certainly not enough to be considered a code. That’s the end of the story, right?

     Ordinarily, it would be, but the grain, wine, and oil sequence in the Masonic Laying of the Cornerstone ceremony raises the possibility of there being an alternative path.

     Curiously, the Masonic sequence uses the word “corn” instead of “bread.” Corn, or grain to be exact, is what bread is made from. Grain and bread are two different words, but closely related because they are in the same genre.

     We have to ask ourselves why the Masons decided to replace a word that is explicitly mentioned in the New Testament account of the Last Supper,” bread,” with a different word from the same genre, “grain.” Is it possible that grain, wine, and oil rather than bread, wine, and oil, is the key to finding the code? Could grain, wine, and oil be the second level of symbolism in the Last Supper?

     Again, it’s easy to find the answer. All we have to do is turn to the Bible. If the grain, wine, and oil sequence doesn’t lead to the code, it’s a dead end. If the code is discovered and confirmed, the lead is real.

     There are no grain, wine, oil sequences in the New Testament, but when we turn to the Old Testament we find eighteen sequences identical to the Masonic sequence. For grain, the Hebrew word is “Dagan,” meaning “increase.” For wine, the word is “Tiyrowsh,” referring to freshly squeezed grape juice. For oil, it’s “Yitshar,” which means “anointing” and “producing light.”

     Eighteen hits is significant, but can it pass a code identification test? Probably not. To rise to the level of a bona fide code that can pass a cryptanalysis, significantly more sequences that exhibit greater complexity and symmetry are needed. The quantity and quality of the data needs to be such that random coincidence and common idiom can be ruled out as explanations.

     At this point we have only considered two variations. We replaced the word “Christ” with “oil,” and the word “bread” with “grain.” What if we were to expand this modulation process by considering additional words in all three genres?  For example, in the bread genre, besides the word “grain,” we might look for the word “field” where grain is grown, and “seed” that is planted in the soil. In the wine genre we could look for words like “grape,” or “vineyard.” In the oil genre, we could look for words like “olive” and “olive tree.” There are, of course, more words in all three genres, but you catch the drift.

     At first glance, this seems like a completely crazy idea. We would not only be looking for different words in three different genres, but, even if we find them, they need to be in close textual proximity and, most important, be in the right sequence. All the words in the grain genre have to be first, the words in the wine genre second, and all the words generically equivalent to oil, third.

     Why waste our time, right?

     But just to follow the ethic that no stone should be left unturned, let’s give it a shot. If by some miracle my insane theory is true, it would expand the volume of data and make the code more complex by several orders of magnitude, almost guaranteeing that it would pass stringent code identification tests. If such sequences exist, the symmetry they share would be almost impossible to explain away as being anything other than a signal. Furthermore, modulating the base words in this way would effectively conceal the Sagan Signal, which would explain why, after thousands of years, only a few have known of its existence.


The Sagan Signal (New American Standard Version)

*(M) refers to sequences that are modulated

  1.  Ex. 23:10&11 (M)

                                                       field                                        vineyard                               oliveyard

  2.  Deut. 6:11 (M)

                                                       grain (storehouses)               vineyard                               olive trees

  3.  Deut. 7:13

                                                       grain                                       wine                                      oil

  4.  Deut. 8:8 (M) 

                                                       grain                                       wine                                      oil

  5.  Deut. 11:14

                                                       grain                                       wine                                      oil

  6.  Deut. 12:17

                                                       grain                                       wine                                      oil

  7.  Deut. 14:23

                                                       grain                                       wine                                      oil

  8.  Deut. 18:4

                                                       grain                                       wine                                      oil

  9.  Deut. 28:38-40 (M)

                                                       seed                                       vineyards                              olive trees

  10. Deut. 28:38-40 (M)

                                                       field                                        wine                                       oil

  11. Deut. 28:38-40 (M)

                                                       harvest                                   grapes                                   olives

  12. Josh. 24:13 (M)

                                                       land                                         vineyards                              olives

  13. Judg. 15:5 (M)

                                                       grain                                        vineyards                              groves

  14. 1 Sam. 8:14 (M)

                                                       fields                                       vineyards                               olive groves

  15. 2 Kings 18:32 (M)

                                                       Grain/bread                            wine/vineyards                      oil

  16. 1 Chron. 9:29 (M)

                                                        flour                                        wine                                       oil

  17. 1 Chron. 12:40 (M) 

                                                        flour                                         wine                                       oil

  18. 1 Chron 27:26-28 (M)

                                                        field workers                           vineyards                               olive trees

  19. 1 Chron. 27:26-28 (M)

                                                        tilled soil                                  wine cellars                           oil cellars

  20. 2 Chron. 2:10 (M)

                                                        grain                                         wine                                       oil

  21. 2 Chron. 31:5

                                                        grain                                         wine                                       oil

  22. 2 Chron. 32:28

                                                        grain                                         wine                                       oil

  23. Ezra 3:7 (M)

                                                        food                                          drink                                      oil

  24. Ezra 6:9 (M)

                                                        grain                                         wine                                       oil

  25. Ezra 7:22 (M)

                                                        grain                                         wine                                       oil

  26. Neh. 5:11

                                                        fields                                        vineyards                             olive groves

  27. Neh. 5:11 (M)

                                                        grain                                          wine                                       oil

  28. Neh. 10:37 (M)

                                                        dough                                       wine                                        oil

  29. Neh. 10:39

                                                        grain                                          wine                                       oil

  30. Neh. 13:5

                                                        grain                                          wine                                       oil

  31. Neh. 13:12

                                                        grain                                          wine                                       oil

  32. Ps. 104:14&15 (M)

                                                        food                                           wine                                       oil

  33. Ps. 128:2&3 (M)

                                                        labor of hands                           vines                                      olive plants

  34. Ecc. 9:7&8 (M)

                                                         bread                                        wine                                       oil

  35. Isa. 17:5&6 (M)

                                                         grain                                         wild grapes                            olive tree

  36. Jer. 31:12

                                                         grain                                          wine                                       oil

  37. Dan. 10:3 (M)

                                                         bread                                        wine                                       anoint

  38. Hos. 2:8

                                                          grain                                          wine                                       oil

  39. Hos. 2:22 

                                                          grain                                          wine                                       oil

  40. Joel 1:10

                                                          grain                                          wine                                       oil

  41. Joel 2:19 

                                                           grain                                          wine                                       oil

  42. Joel 2:24 (M)

                                                           grain                                          wine                                       oil

  43. Amos 4:9 (M)

                                                           gardens                                     vineyards                              olive trees

  44. Hag. 1:11

                                                           grain                                           wine                                       oil

  45. Hag. 2:12 (M)

                                                            bread                                         wine                                      oil

  46. Hag. 2:19 (M)

                                                            seed                                           vine                                       olive tree

NOTE: In the following eight triads, grain, wine and oil are out of sequence:   


1.   Ex. 29:40 – flour, oil, wine

2.   Lev. 23:13 – flour, oil, wine

3.   Num. 18:12 – oil, wine, wheat

4.   2 Chron. 2:15 – wheat, barley, oil, and wine

5.   2 Chron. 11:11 – victual, oil, wine

6.   Job 24:10&11 – sheaf, oil, winepresses

7.   Hosea 2:5 – bread, oil, drink

8.   Micah 6:15 – sow, oil, wine


    In 7 of these 8 asymmetrical sequence, the order is “grain, oil and wine.” The logical explanation for this particular sequence is that in ancient Israel, flour and oil were mixed to make a dough that was baked into cakes that were then served with wine as the common beverage.


     This is the Sagan Signal, comprised of words from three separate genres that appear in the same sequential order as that found in the second level of the Last Supper, and, certainly not by accident, the same triadic sequence found in the Masonic Laying of the Cornerstone ceremony. There can be no doubt that Isaac Newton was aware of these sequences, and knowing that they are a code that challenges key claims of the Christian faith, chose to keep his breakthrough discovery a secret. No other explanation for why “corn, wine, and oil” suddenly appears in a rewritten Masonic ritual, at a time when Newton is known to have been searching for a Bible code, makes sense.

     If the above sequences don’t blow your mind, let me remind you that the Old Testament was written over an 800 year period by an unknown number of authors and editors, most of whom were not alive at the same time and therefore not personally acquainted. On top of that, the Old Testament is regarded by most academics as the most haphazard and chaotic anthology ever assembled. Yet nineteen of the thirty-nine books that comprise the Old Testament contain sequences that are symmetrical with the grain, wine, oil sequence featured in the Masonic Laying of the Cornerstone ceremony. Almost as if by magic, by simply modulating bread, wine, and oil, the entirety of the Sagan Signal is unveiled. That which for thousands of years had been invisible suddenly comes into the light. The Smoking Gun that proves extraterrestrial existence is now ready to be tested.


Random Coincidence?

     If you’re thinking about now that the symmetry of the sequences must be a random coincidence, allow me to put that thought to rest. In addition to the 46 sequences listed above, there are eight sequences that are asymmetrical, meaning that in 46 out of 54 instances, the grain word is first, the wine word second, and the oil word third. This is an 86% symmetry rating. A binomial analysis by a professional mathematician has calculated the odds of this level of symmetry being a coincidence at 1 in ten billion trillion. That’s 1 in 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000.


Language Idiom?

     Okay, if the sequences aren’t a random coincidence, they must be the result of historical, cultural, linguistic, or religious influences, right?  The problem with this explanation is that over the past decade, dozens of individuals, including myself, have searched period literature and not found anything even remotely close. Without a doubt, this massive body of literary symmetry is unique in all the world.

     If these sequences are not a coincidence and not a literary convention, what are they?  The only remaining option is that they are a signal, intentionally encrypted into the Old Testament by an individual, or individuals, who had to have possessed godlike abilities. It is clear that 33rd degree Grand Masters of the Masonic Lodge were convinced that the encoder was God. Thinking of ways that humans could have pulled off such a feat is an exercise in futility. There is one other option, which I’ll explore in Chapter 5. Spoiler alert: It has to do with Carl Sagan and extraterrestrials.

     In 2012 and 2013, I created a website and posted the above sequences online, challenging anyone and everyone to try to debunk my claim that this code is the Smoking Gun that scientifically confirms Carl Sagan’s theory of ancient alienism. I was overwhelmed by the response. On the first day I had over 900 visitors, and over the eighteen months that the site was up, I had more than fifteen thousand hits from all over the world. I’m confident that in the long history of Bible code theories, this candidate, in a very quiet and unobtrusive way, has been one of the more thoroughly investigated and tested. I’m proud to say that after all that activity, no one was able to falsify my claim.

     At the same time the site was up, I was shooting off emails to individuals and organizations that specialize in identifying codes, in debunking code theories, and in exposing fraudulent claims and schemes. The results were the same. No one was able to disprove my theory. Seeing that my Call to Test wasn’t producing anything other than an unqualified “confirmation by silence,” I shut the website down and returned to my research. Our next stop in this unfolding journey is to explore the third level of the Last Supper. What stunning new information might it contain? We’ll find out in the next chapter.

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